Each level in Schutzhund is increasingly more difficult to earn (SchH1 to SchH2 then to SchH3 degree). There is a also an Endurance certificate (AD), advanced Tracking Degree (FH1 and FH2), and Police Dog degrees for service handlers and others. Show evaluations are also done to the German SV standard, where the dogs are evaluated on their coat, colouring, gait, structure, and working ability.
Prior to competing at the SchH I level, a dog must pass a BH (Begleithunde) test, which compromises of on and off leash obedience and a temperament test. The obedience portion must be completed with a passing score (no evaluation of points) before the dog is allowed to continue in the temperament portion of the test. The temperament tests evaluate the dog's ability to be neutral or stable in crowds of people, traffic, bikes, and around other dogs.
For the Schutzhund 1, 2 and 3, the tests begin with tracking, followed by obedience, followed by the protection phase. In each phase the dog starts with a full score of 100 points. Points are deducted for errors by the dog and handler throughout the performance. At the end of each phase, the judge gives a verbal critique of the team's performance for the handler and for the spectators.
In the first phase of tracking, the dog must follow the scent of a person (either their handler or a stranger, depending on the level) accurately following where they have walked. The length of track is 400 yards at the lowest level, and more than 1500 yards at the more difficult tracking dog levels. The age of the track is 20 minutes for a SchH 1 track up to 3+ hours for the advanced tracking. Along the track there are small articles of cloth, wood, or leather which the dog must locate and indicate to the handler. All Schutzhund trials continue regardless of any weather, and a good tracking dog should be able to follow the track in spite of any weather conditions that might occur.
The second phase of the Schutzhund test is the obedience phase. The dog and handler team begin the routine by entering the field with the dog off leash, and reporting in to the judge. All obedience exercises are executed with one command per task, and the dog is not leashed until the end of the routine when the team reports out to the judge. The dog must follow the handler's orders through off leash heeling, various positions (sit, down, stand), retrieving on the flat, over a high jump, and over a scaling wall, as well as do a send away. The dog must show ability to perform with other dogs, people, and gunshots.
The third and final phase is the protection phase in which the dog must respond properly in critical situations by following the handler's directions to search for a hidden suspect, find and keep the suspect in one location, protect and prevent an assault on the handler or on himself, and stop the suspect from escaping. The dog needs to be able to distinguish between a harmless bystander and the potentially dangerous person. The dog is evaluated on his courage and his obedience, as he must remain under control to the handler at all times throughout the protection phase.
A well trained dog that has participated in Schutzhund training and competition is a dog that has a sound temperament and a great deal more training than the average family pet. Training in Schutzhund requires responsibility and knowledge. All dogs need affection, love, attention, and proper training. Working dogs love to learn and to perform the complex tasks necessary for Schutzhund. Training clubs that train handlers and dogs in Schutzhund prove that it is a great program to develop the dog's drives and ability to work in a safe environment. Clubs generally have small groups of people that work together once or several times a week. The result of this type of training is a happy, friendly, yet alert dog, that should be controllable in various different situations, a joy to own and the pride of his owner.
Schutzhund training began over 100 years ago in Europe and has evolved over the years to the sport we have today. The sport was developed as a method to train and test privately owned working dogs. The first Schutzhund trial was held in 1901. The purpose of Schutzhund trials has been to emphasize and evaluate the correct working temperament and working ability of the breed exhibited. The dog and handler must work together as a team in the three phases of Schutzhund. These three phases are tracking, obedience, and protection work. At no time may the dog be out of control of the handler, and before beginning a trial evaluation all dogs must pass a basic temperament evaluation by the judge.
Schutzhund exercises are designed with increasing difficulty to evaluate the primary ability of the dog, but also the ability of the dog and handler as a team. Schutzhund training is a sport open to dogs of all working breeds, including mixed breeds if they can do the work. Traditionally, German Shepherds, Belgian Malinois, Boxers, Dobermans, Rottweilers, Airedales, Bouviers, and Giant Schnauzers have been the most common, with the German Shepherd dogs outnumbering them all.
Dog/handler teams from all over the world compete for degrees within their own countries. Each year there are national and international competitions that draw the best competitors from those countries to compete. The biggest international competition is the World Union for German Shepherd Dog Associations (Welt Union der Sch�ferhundvereine - WUSV). More than 40 different countries have individuals or teams that represent them at this event. Different countries take turns hosting the event each year. Crowds of spectators come each year to watch the four or five days of Schutzhund competition.
There are two different main organizations that organize clubs and trials around the world. Both of these organizations originate in Germany. The first is the Deutscher Verband der Gebrauchshundsportvereine (DVG). The DVG was Germany's first police and service dog club and has now grown to approximately 30,000 members. The focus of the DVG is to train and title dogs in the sport of Schutzhund regardless of breed. There are four active DVG clubs in Canada.
The second club is the Verein f�r Deutsche Sch�ferhunde (German Shepherd Dog Club), known as the SV. This is the German Shepherd Dog breed club and breed registry, based in Germany. The SV is the largest breed specific registry in the world. It promotes working-dog activities by awarding working titles (SchH), and sanctions conformation show and koerungs (breed surveys). The SV is a member of the Verband f�r das Deutsche Hundewesen (VDH), the national dog club in Germany, and allows other breeds than German Shepherds to compete at SV sanctioned events. There are thirty-seven active SV clubs within Canada.
In Canada, the sport of Schutzhund was introduced in the 1960's and 1970's, with the German Shepherd Schutzhund Club of Canada (GSSCC) being formed in 1979, as an associated club of the SV. There are 37 clubs divided into five regions - the West, Prairies, Ontario, Quebec, and the East. New clubs are being added as the sport of Schutzhund continues to expand and grow in popularity. Trials are now held regularly with SV judges and many titles have been awarded.
(indicates a passing hip score with
regards to testing for hip
dysplasia/joint laxity). An SV
a-Normal = normal hips, a-Fast Normal = near normal hips, a-Noch zugelassen = certified hips, still permissable for breeding
|a||ausgepr�gt - Pronounced. Used by the judge in describing a dog’s courage and "hardness" see TSB|
|A||Ausreichend — sufficient — show or performance rating|
|ABST||Advanced Breed Suitability Test|
|AD||Ausdauerpr�fung - endurance test wherein the dog trots 20 km in 2 hours (accompanied by the owner on a bicycle).|
|AKC||American Kennel Club - American breed club organization. The AKC is not involved in the sport of Schutzhund. The AKC has a working relationship with the FCI, but not with WUSV. The AKC is primarily a registry for purebred dogs.|
|AZG||Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Zuchtvereine und Gebrauchshundeverb�nde — Association of breed registry and working-dog sport clubs — The AZG has the purpose of administrating uniform international Schutzhund rules via the FCI, to assure inter-club and international conformity, making it possible to hold identical or similar international trial competitions in many countries. see VDH|
|Begleithunde - prerequisite test for a dog prior to Schutzhund titles. A temperament and obedience test. B and BH are interchangeable.|
|BSP||BundesSiegerPr�fung - trial at the national level|
|BST||Breed Suitability Test|
|BSZS||BundesSiegerZuchtSchau - show at the national level|
|CD, CDX||Companion Dog, Companion Dog Excellent. Obedience titles granted by the CKC/AKC|
|CGC||the dog has a Canine Good Citizen certificate|
|CHD||Canine Hip Dysplasia|
|CKC||Canadian Kennel Club - the Canadian equivalent of the AKC. Unlike the AKC, the CKC has individual members. Primarily a breed registry. Also, Continental Kennel Club, a different and completely unrelated dog breed organization.|
|DHV||The German "Dog Sport Club" (Deutscher Hundesport Verein), which is the "National parent club" or the "Union" of the Dog Sport Clubs of Germany.|
|DVG||Deutscher Verband der Gebrauchshundsportvereine e.V. (German member of DHV) A dog sport club. Has some branches in the US and Canada. Alternate organization for Schutzhund, with slightly different rules, and a broader breed focus.|
|EZ||Einfache Zucht (Simple Breeding) Only one parent has a working degree.|
|FCI||F�d�ration Cynologique Internationale - the world Canine organization. Membership is currently at 79 countries’ national, purebred dog organizations.|
|FH, FH 1,
|F�hrtenhund - tracking dog title|
|G||Gut (good show or performance rating)|
|GSD||German Shepherd Dog - common abbreviation for German Shepherds|
|GSDCA||German Shepherd Dog Club of America - a member of the WUSV but not the FCI|
|GSDCC||German Shepherd Dog Club of Canada|
|GSSCC||German Shepherd Schutzhund Club of Canada - a WUSV member|
|GZ||Gebrauchshundzucht - Utility Dog Breeding. Both parents have working titles.|
|H||H�ndin - Female|
|IPO, IP||International Pr�fungsordnung, International Schutzhund titles, also awarded 1, 2, and 3 and is equivalent to SchHI, II, III.|
|K�rklasse 1 (especially recommended for breeding by the SV) K�rklasse 2 (suitable for breeding by the SV)|
|KLZ||K�r- und Leistungszucht - Qualification and Performance Breeding. Both parents have breed surveys and all four grandparents have working titles.|
|KZ||K�rzucht - Qualification Breeding - Both parents have breed surveys.|
|LBST||Lifetime Breed Suitability Test|
|Lbz||Lebenszeit - Breed surveyed for life|
|LZ||Leistungszucht - Performance Breeding. Both parents and all four grandparents have working titles|
|M||Mangelhaft -faulty - show or performance rating|
|ng||nicht gen�gend - insufficient. Used by the judge in describing a dog’s courage and "hardness". See TSB|
|OFA||Orthopedic Foundation for Animals a non-profit registry which issues "arms length" certification on various health concerns, (not limited to Orthopaedics). Reference is usually with regards to the practice of x-raying hips and certifying the dog to be free of hip dysplasia.|
|OVC||Ontario Veterinary College (Canada) Hips will be graded as Pass or Fail.|
|PennHIP||Developed at University of Pennsylvania (USA) - the procedure measures hip joint laxity; it does not grade a passing or failing score. Loose hips are more prone to developing degenerative joint disease.|
|R||R�de - Male|
Merit - title awarded to the sire or dam
for the accomplishments of its progeny.
ROM - Register of Merit: A title given by the German Shepherd Dog Club of America to animals who have produced a minimum number of conformation Champions and other winning offspring.
ROM/C - Register of Merit United States and Canada
ROMC - Register of Merit Canada
|SchH||Schutzhund, the 3 levels of titles awarded are usually written as SchH1, SchH2, and SchH3 (Roman numerals can be used instead of 1,2,3).|
|SchHA||A limited SchH title, similar to SchH1 but without the tracking portion.|
|SG||Sehr Gut (very good show or performance rating)|
|SG1, SG2, etc.||See V1.|
|SGR||Sieger (male) or Siegerin (female) -the best male or female at the national conformation specialty show|
|SV||Verein f�r Deutsche Sch�ferhunde (German Shepherd Dog Club) The original GSD breed club and breed registry, based in Germany.|
|SZ||Precedes the SV registration number i.e SZ 1234567|
|TD, TDX||Tracking dog titles granted by the AKC/CKC|
|TSB||Triebveranlagung - fighting drive|
|U||ungen�gend - insufficient - show or performance rating|
|UD UDX||Utility Dog, Utility Dog Excellent. Advanced obedience titles granted by the CKC/AKC|
|UKC||United Kennel Club|
|USA||United Schutzhund Clubs of America|
|USA||United Schutzhund clubs of America (as opposed to United States of America)|
|V||Vorz�glich (excellent show or performance rating) awarded to dogs with a working title only|
|NZB||Nachzucht Bewertung - progeny evaluation|
|von or vom - in a dog’s name, meaning "of" or "from"Usually indicates the start of the kennel name. I.e. dogname von kennelname. "Von" or "vom" is gender specific to the gender of the kennel name - not the dog.|
|V1 V2, V3, etc.||Ranking at the BSP, V being excellent and top rating, the top placed dog is V1, second is V2, etc. until reaching the dogs rated SG, then they are SG1, SG2, etc.|
|VA||Vorz�glich-Auslese (Excellent Select show rating given only at Sieger show) (VA-1) See V1.|
|VDH||Dog Society of Germany - VDH (Verband f�r das Deutsche Hundewesen). The main dog club of Germany, and in turn is a member in, and bound by the rules of that international or "World Dog Club", the FCI. The SV is a member of the VDH.|
|vh||vorhanden - Present or Sufficient used by the judge in describing a dog’s courage and "hardness" see TSB, or in the context of a show rating.|
|WDA||Working Dog Association|
|WUSV||Welt Union der Sch�ferhundvereine or World Union of GSD clubs. International breed umbrella for GSD breed clubs. Author and owner of the GSD international breed standard for the FCI (see FCI). Currently represents more than 60 countries, established to bring all GSD clubs worldwide closer together, and in sync with the SV in Germany. (see SV) The WUSV is allied to the FCI through the VDH. Clubs like the GSSCC and the USA have a slight connection to the FCI and a direct connection to the WUSV, and that strongly encourages them to abide by both FCI and SV regulations.|
|Ztgl||Zuchttauglich Suitable for breeding. Subject animal passed their ZTP.|
|Zuchttauglichkeitspr�fung - Breed-Suitability-Test - incorporating hip rating, conformation, and basic working ability.|
|ZW||Zuchtwert. ZW-value — Zuchtwert evaluation — is Breed Value Assessment - a number assigned that gives an indication of the genotype of the dog for breeding purposes.|
The Central New Brunswick Schutzhund Club is located just north of Fredericton, on the Royal Road in New Brunswick, Canada. Our club focuses on training our dogs in the sport of Schutzhund, and preparing dogs and their handlers for competition in this sport. CNBSC is a club designed for handlers to train their dogs in the disciplines of tracking, obedience, and protection, with two goals as a result of this training: a closer, more responsive bond between handler and dog, and the successful completion of various titles within the Schutzhund sport. CNBSC is a club designed to encourage correct working conformation in all breeds within the club. All breeds and mixed breeds that show an aptitude for this type of work are acceptable to train with CNBSC. Education of members in the proper training and handling of their dogs, to develop their dogs' abilities in the three disciplines is a primary goal of CNBSC. Education of the public and prospective handlers about Schutzhund is a secondary, but still important, goal of CNBSC.
Central New Brunswick Schutzhund Club (CNBSC) is a member of the German Shepherd Schutzhund Club of Canada (GSSCC), which in turn is a member of the World Union of German Shepherd Dog Clubs (WUSV). As such, we are bound by the by-laws and goals of the GSSCC. All members of CNBSC must also be members of the GSSCC.
More information on the Central New Brunswick Schutzhund Club can be found at www.cnbsc.org and if you interested in joining this Club, would like to watch a training session, or would like more information, contact info@CNBSC.org
|contents copyright © Narnia
original May 14, 2011